Koncepcja estetyczna Edmunda Burke’a w świetle Kantowskiej estetyki
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EDMUND BURKE’S AESTHETIC THEORY IN THE LIGHT OF THE AESTHETICS OF KANT
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The attempts to justify aesthetic judgments, searching the conditions of their validity as well as effords of grasping the essence of beauty have inspired the works of many philosophers. In the present article two philosophical traditions are compared: empiricism of Edmund Burke and transcendental philosophy of Immanuel Kant. In this way different consequences of the basic presumptions underlying the aesthetic theories can be easily found. The aim of the article is to stress the differences. More specifically the different questions to which both philosophers sought proper answers are pointed: Burke’s question of the objective qualities causing the experience of beauty and sublimity and Kantian problem of possibility of the purely aesthetical judgment. Also the difference of the concept of taste is examined. Finally the Burke’s aesthetics is criticised on the grounds of Kant’s concept of the reflexive power of judgment.
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