Wschodzące mocarstwo znad Bosforu
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A SUPERPOWER EMERGING FROM THE BOSPHORUS
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The writer discusses – in the wide historical background – the evolution of the international policy of Turkey that has been taking place for the last decade. On the one hand, that process is determined by the end of the cold war and deep transformations of security architecture in the nearer and further neighbourhood of Turkey, while on the other hand – by the acquisition of power by a moderate Islamic group, which managed to provide the state with fast and stable economic growth, translating into the improvement of life standard of wide numbers of citizens. As a result, the civil government managed to break a certain paradigm of thinking about the security policy, cultivated by army people for several decades. Its consequence is a far-reaching redefinition of the principles of foreign policy, with the emphasis on national interests at the expense of the alliance ones resulting from the membership in the North Atlantic Treaty. Therefore, Turkey has become an independent participant of regional and over-regional game that possesses both intellectual possibilities as well as the necessary potential to shape international space in their direct and indirect surrounding.
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