Uczenie się dorosłych w niemieckiej refleksji systemowo-konstruktywistycznej
ADULT LEARNING IN THE SYSTEMIC-CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH IN GERMANY
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The paper aims to give an overview of the systemic-constructivist perspective that has established in adult education discourse in Germany since the ‘90. of the 20th century. At the first the authoress draws the basic concepts of the systemic-constructivist approach: the concept of autopoiesis/ autopoietic systems, the ideas of structural coupling, circularity, contingency and viability. Then she presents the understanding of learning from systemic-constructivist perspective: it is a process of construction and reconstruction of individually created reality happened in the closed system. Adult learning has a form of the interpreting learning and transformative learning induced by external perturbation. The third part of the paper reflects on the systemic constructivist principles of the adult education that consist in making opportunities to learn and not in instructing the learners.
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