The paper is focused on the basic paradigms of the Jewish history in late imperial Russia. In the form of review article, author analyzes several new books about Jews in the Russian Empire and tries to find, how far the old paradigms are changed and new paradigms are created. Article is divided into two parts. In the first part, author is dealing with the Jewish diaspora paradigm, Jewish community paradigm and ‘shtetl’ paradigm, and the paradigm of crisis and continuity in the Russian-Jewish history. All these paradigms are defined as the split identity paradigm. The second part is concerned with the pogrom paradigm and with the effort of several historians to establish a new war pogrom paradigm.