ATTEMPT AT DELINEATION OF THE EASTERN MISSIONARY ROUTE OF THE CLERGY OF PASSAU ON THE LANDS OF THE POST-AVAR DANUBE REGION DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE 9TH CENTURY
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The article is devoted to the problem of reconstruction of the possible eastern missionary routes of the clergy of the Diocese of Passau in the Danube region in the first half of the 9th century. By the analysis of the Carolingian diplomas of the 820s and 830s, some diplomas of the last quarter of the 10th century, as well as a significant amount of archaeological data, the eastern vector of missionary activity of monks from the Diocese of St. Stephen is outlined on the lands in Marcha orientalis, mentioned in the diplomas of Louis I the Pious (823) and the Bavarian King Louis II (833 and 836), and which were situated mainly along the both banks of the Danube and its tributaries. The author concludes that these possessions represented a holistic “ecclesial bond”, a missionary route that passed through the main monasteries, which were under the church jurisdiction of Passau, as well as through the ancient Roman ways and trade routes that were located in the above-mentioned possessions. In the 830s, after joining of new landholdings around the River Leitha and the Vienna Woods to the Passau’s sphere of influence the outlined missionary route reached even the boundaries of the Moravians’ settlement.
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