The presented study focuses on the attitude of Hungarian Augustinians towards the ownership of movable and immovable property in the middle ages. The issue is examined using the example of four monasteries of this order, which were located in present-day Slovakia. These monasteries in Veľký Šariš, Hrabkov, Bardejov and Spišské Podhradie belonged to the so-called Spiš District. Its existence and significance are also examined. All these Augustinian monasteries owned property in some form (from the ownership of entire villages or houses, to money and cattle). Since poverty was supposed to be a typical feature of mendicants, the attitude of the medieval Augustinian order towards property in its various forms makes a compelling focal research question of this study.