PRÍSPEVOK K POZNANIU URBANONÝM BRATISLAVY V KONTEXTE IDEOLÓGIE NÁRODNÉHO SOCIALIZMU A KOMUNIZMU V ROKOCH 1939 – 1989
Contribution to understanding the historical meaning of Bratislava urbanonyms in the context of the national socialist and communist ideologies during the period 1939-1989
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The article deals mainly with the urbanonymy of the capital of Slovakia – Bratislava in the period 1939-1989. The accent is on the hierarchy of the street network, where we can define various ideological views of the governments on social and historical events, which influenced the political development of the territory in the local or national contexts. It deals mostly with the practical possibilities of the analysis of urbanonyms and their interpretation, which may be interesting in the field of history, ethnology, anthropology and geography. During the period 1939-1945 also known as the first Slovak Republic, a puppet state of Nazi Germany, a lot of foreign (German and Austrian origin) place-names were introduced. After February 1948 known in Communist historiography as the „Victorious February“, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia with Soviet backing assumed control over the government of the state. Many urbanonyms were replaced by names of the Soviet or Russian origin. The purpose of our study is a reflection of the historical identity of the Bratislava old town. Study of urbanonymy, or renaming in space and time led to the conclusion, that the place names reflect the shared history, culture and political processes in the wider region of Eastern Europe.
451 – 481
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