The history of western thought abounds in conceptions of freedom. This article assumes two dominant ways of understanding freedom: the monological model and the dialogical model. It aims at sorting out the multiplicity of conceptions in accordance with these two paradigms. The first describes the phenomenon of freedom in terms of ontological cause and effect relationships. Relationships between objects, or between the subject and the object, constitute the basis of the description. According to the second paradigm, the sphere of interpersonal relations is considered the primal sphere of freedom. In this view, freedom is interpreted by means of such notions as responsibility, grace, gift, good and evil. Thus, it means that freedom is embedded in the world of ethical actions and behaviour. It is considered phenomenologically primal in relation to monological freedom.