The essay refers to the relationship between methodology of history and academic and school history didactics as a result of the reflection which Wojciech Wrzosek undertakes in his book entitled: About Historical Thinking. Wojciech Wrzosek’s reflection dedicated to the term ‘historical thinking’ is related to the meaning of this category as useful and instructive in the field of the history didactics. The changes in the contemporary historiography offer a new vision of the past and new manners of understanding the past, are also able to develop the need for a systematic reflection in the field of history didactics. Historiography understood as crossing the traditional scientific frameworks of history is also the way to re-define historical thinking as the key category of the history didactics. The main topic of this essay is to offer the cultural perspective of interpretation of history in education. It is also an attempt to reconstruct the model of historical thinking in contemporary history textbooks narrations.