PPS zaboru pruskiego na Górnym Śląsku wobec reformy ordynacji wyborczej do sejmu pruskiego w Berlinie w czasie współdziałania z SPD (1906-1912)
The stance of the Polish Socialist Party (PPS) of the Prussian partition in the Upper Silesia towards the reform of the election system to the Prussian Reichstag in Berlin at the time of cooperation with SPD (1906-1912)
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This article discusses the approach of those within the Silesian community involved with the PPS to the system of election for the Prussian Reichstag. Said party, like the German SPD and other Prussian political parties, criticised this system. They indicated that the system fails to represent the society’s views in a valid fashion. Seeing as it was based on a division of the electorate in three classes, it was biased against less wealthy classes, such as the working class. Division of the country to electoral constituencies was damaging to the urban electorate. Due to that system, according to PPS the Prussian Reichstag had a Junker-bourgeois nature, which resulted in class-based policy, as well as anti-Polish policy of the Prussian state. Polish socialists of the Upper Silesia put forth their own concept for an election system. They proposed an universal, equal, direct, anonymous and proportional election. They engaged in press critique of the existing system, mobilised the public opinion for opposing it, organised workers’ rallies and meets. Those actions resulted from the Polish workers community’s views, their desire to make the election laws more democratic, as a necessary step in democratising the Prussian state and forming resistance against its germanising policies. The actions of the PPS reinforced the efforts of the SPD and other groups acting towards modernisation of the Prussian election system.
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