Problem odtwarzania sektora prywatnego w koncepcjach reform gospodarczych w Polsce w 1989 r.
THE RECREATION OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN CONCEPTIONS OF ECONOMIC REFORMS IN POLAND IN 1989
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The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the way in which the authors of market reform projects intended to resolve the problem of the creation of the private sector, privately owned enterprises in an economy that was to be based on market relations. The object of the research is the reform proposal associated with ownership transformations. A number of projects of economic reforms that took into account to a larger or lesser degree ownership transformations, were put forward in 1989, a year of crucial political and economic transformations in Poland. The range and extent of the changes proposed in the projects stemmed from a certain awareness and possibilities of conducting privatisation in Polish conditions and a perception of the private sector (its role) in the economic system. The analysis of these projects leads to the discovery of a certain dependence: slight ownership transformations and the supplementing role of the private sector in a multi-sector economy had been proposed in projects dating back to the first half of 1989, i.e. at the time of the Round Table negotiations, when the state was still controlled by the communist party and the production growth in the state sector was still maintained despite the occurrence of wage tension. The essential role for the private sector and a large range of ownership changes was proposed in programmes from the second half of 1989, after the Polish United Workers’ Party lost the contract election to the Sejm and a large coalition was formed around the Civic Parliamentary Club. The most far-reaching ownership transformations connected with the establishment of a private sector dominating in the economy were sugested in a project prepared by the J. Beksiak group.
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