The sustainable development is philosophy of the economic development harmonized with the care of the natural environment. It enables to combine the aspiration of the man to achieving the high of the economic development combined with concern against the social and natural environment. One of precursors of the ecological thinking, according to contemporary principles of the sustainable development was Albert Schweitzer. The author of the moral program specific by the name Ethics for the life, in which huge role playing the responsibility, which is deciding on his humanity. This responsibility constitutes the philosophical base of the contemporary idea of the sustainable development.