The study is concerned with the activities of the journalist, politician, sociologist and teacher Anton Štefánek at the Bratislava office of the Ministry of Education and National Enlightenment, a branch of the central ministry in Prague. He made good use of his preceding years of national, social, political, cultural, educational and political activity, in favour of organizing and directing education and public information in Slovakia. Under Štefánek’s leadership in the period 1918 – 1923, the office of the ministry laid the foundations of Slovak education in the First Czechoslovak Republic. The institution participated in the Slovakization and unification of education in Slovakia and preparation of the so-called Little Education Act of 1922. Štefánek was a member and functionary of the Republican Party of Agrarian and Small-Farming People. He devoted attention to the institutionalization of education of the general public, especially of the rural population.