In modern Slovak and Czech history, we are exceptionally confronted with retribution trial proceedings, which are so topical in the 21st century, as in the case of Jan Antonín Baťa. The media in recent years have brought much, often contradictory, information about the fate of J. A. Baťa, who was convicted in 1947 by the National Court in Prague as a war criminal. The course of Baťa’s retribution process has crossed the borders of Czechoslovakia and Europe as well. Until the end of his life, J. A. Baťa declared his innocence and considered the process against his person to be manipulated and purposeful. The story of his life is, however, much more complicated than his condemnation. He was the head of one of the largest concerns in Czechoslovakia and in the world. His life is full of magnificent ascents and equally great economic and human downfalls. For example, there is a stain on his reputation from a lawsuit between him and Maria Baťová, the widow of his step brother Tomáš Baťa, and Tomáš Baťa Jr.