The paper considers Paul Ricoeur’s ideas about psychoanalysis. It focuses on three elements that show the evolution of Ricoeur’s views. The first pertains to the early period of his work and is connected with the first volume of the Philosophy of the Will. Here psychoanalysis was placed in the context of a broad project which examines the relationship between what is either dependent on or independent of man’s will. The second element concerns the best known interpretations of psychoanalysis, which were presented in two works, Freud and Philosophy and The Conflict of Interpretations. In these works the science of the unconscious becomes one of the branches of hermeneutics, more precisely the hermeneutics of suspicions. The third, least known aspect of Ricoeur’s work has to do with a new interpretation of psychoanalysis and can be found in Autour de la psychanalyse. Ecrits et conferences. Ricoeur, noting a discord between Freud’s theoretical writings and his descriptions of the psychoanalytical technique and of concrete cases, proposes a new approach based on the second group of writings.