In this article the author describes the history of Annales School since it´s constitution in 1929 to the present. He observes the theories, which inspired this school. About all he addictes attention to the book – titles, which was wrote by historians, associated in inducted Annales. Especially belaud the most distinguished personalities, for example Marc Bloch, Lucien Febvre, Fernand Braudel, Jacques Le Goff or Roger Chartier. The author illuminates to their apport for history in France and for the other countries (for example in Bohemia, Brasil, Poland or Spain). He believes that the fourth generation of Annales School actually exist and in future will provide new impulses and themes for historical research.