Prywatne szkoły elementarne na Ślasku Cieszyńskim pod koniec XIX i na początku XX w.
Private elementary schools in Cieszyn Silesia at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century
Languages of publication
Although private schools constituted only about a dozen per cent of the overall educational institutions in the region, they nevertheless played an important role. They came to be due to various reasons, they differed in nature as well. Their nature depended on the body responsible for their creation, such as societies, religious communities (Catholic, Evangelical or Jewish) and workers’ associations (German, Czech or Polish). After 1869 regulations concerning the formation and operation of private schools were in place. They were required to adhere to the approved educational program, follow the established rules and guidelines, secure material resources and ensure that the competence of teachers was not substandard in comparison with public schools. These private schools did have a greater freedom when it came to the rules of employment, including the pay. This was not necessarily advantageous to those hired (due to lower pay and lack of benefits). This autonomy was particularly important for religious schools, in their idea of god-fearing, economical education, as well as for the schools created by associations, since it made it possible to influence the worldview of their pupils. The private schooling in Cieszyn Silesia should not be considered merely through the vantage point of the national struggle, which utilised educational institutions, as hitherto was the case in subject matter literature.
Publication order reference