Tři přístupy k pupkům národů. Primordialisticko-modernistický diskurz prizmatem aktivity a objektivity etnicity
THREE APPROACHES TO THE NAVEL POINTS OF THE NATIONS. PRIMORDIALIST-MODERNIST DISCOURSE SEEN THROUGH THE PRISM OF ACTIVITY AND OBJECTIVITY OF THE ETHNICITY
Languages of publication
The paper examines theoretical discourses of ethnicity and has three main objectives: (1) to categorize and compare three academic approaches towards ethnicity, nation and nationalism, (2) to identify the core distinction between ethnic and national identity, and (3) to analyze the differences between approaches through activity and objectivity of ethnicity. The traditional distinction between primordialist and modernist/situationalist approaches is enhanced by adding the ethnicist approach to the interjacent boundary. There are three core lines of distinctions between these approaches. Firstly, it is, more or less, the distinction between primordiality of ethnicity and modernity of nation, not primordiality and modernity itself, which divides the discussed approaches. Secondly, most academic theories, regardless of their background, interpret the ethnicity (nation) as situational rather than objective or subjective phenomenon. Lastly, it is the scale of activity of ethnicity (activity of individuals – components – systems) which differs among the theories.
Publication order reference