FORTIFIKAČNÝ KOMPLEX PRZEMYŚL (POĽSKO)
Przemyśl fortification complex (Poland)
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In this article, the author briefly presents the history of building the Przemyśl fortification complex, which had been the most important Austro-Hungarian fortress since the 19th century, analysing the implementation of individual fortification projects. One of the fortresses in the Halič territory built during the rise of Austria-Hungary was intended to play the role of protecting the easternmost part of the Monarchy, as well as the protection of roads to the east. In the early 20th century, this was one of the largest fortresses in Europe. During the World War 1, the fortress became the arena of a number of bloody battles. The author summarises that since 17 September 1914 until 3 June 1915, with a few breaks, Przemyśl survived 182 battle days, taking the lives of about 100,000 of Austro-Hungarian, Russian and German soldiers, as well as civilians. After acquiring Przemyśl from Russians, the Austro-Hungarian general staff did not consider transforming it to a fortress again. They decided to turn it into a temporary fortified bridgehead for the protection of the important road and railway roads. Nowadays, Przemyśl is a small Polish town in terms of area and population (67,000). It is located on the Polish-Ukraine border and a part of the forward forts belonging to the I Salis-Soglio fort lies on the Ukraine side. The remaining forts of the Przemyśl complex lie on the Polish side of the border. It is the I Salis-Soglio fort that belongs to the best preserved and we may say also the most magnificent remains of the once powerful Przemyśl. In conclusion, the author mentions the work of the National Museum, which administrates this famous fortification complex, making it accessible to the public. The contribution also mentions the current condition of its individual parts.
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