The text of Am 7:10–17 is primarily a dialogue, not a biographical narrative. Therefore, this article analyses the text of Am 7:10–17 as a dialogue between Amaziah and Amos. The former interprets Amos’ words in a worldly, horizontal way. He views Amos as a rebel preaching against the state. In the same way he also interprets his own ministry. As a priest, he is a royal official, a servant of the “king’s sanctuary”. Amos, in contrast, corrects his view. He affirms that he is not merely a prophet who prophesies in order to earn money, but that he prophesies because he has been called by God. The basic difference between both figures resides in their points of view, which are mutually incompatible and exclusive. This difference is the main reason for casting the prophet out of Bethel. Thus, Amos turns God’s word against Amaziah himself, and at the same time against all those who, like Amaziah, are not able take God into consideration any longer.