THUCYDIDES II,99 AND THE EARLY EXPANSION OF THE ARGEADAE
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The present study is an illustration of the attempt to chronologically systemize the early periods of the expansion of the Argeadae. The stress is put on Thucydides passage ІІ,99 who is the main source of the problem in question. Reports by other authors have been analyzed as well as the dating of the Bisaltaean coinage which, in the case in particular, is also important. In the article, on the basis of the available information, it is arrived at the conclusion that Thucydides enumerates the lands conquered by Perdiccas II not by chronological i.e., in which they are conquered, but by geographical order. The conquest itself is divided into two separate stages bearing characteristics of their own. The first one refers to the conquest of Pieria, Bottiaea, Almopia and Eordaea. It is marked by the conquest of territories of major strategic and economic importance, as a rule with naturally protected borders. The greater part of the subjected population is driven out of the aforementioned territories. The second stage relates to the conquest of the narrow strip of Paionian land which stretched along the river Axius, as well as Anthemus, Mygdonia, Crestonia and Bisaltia and the incorporation of the local people in the Argead kingdom is typical of it. The last point discussed here is the status of the tribes inhabited Upper Macedonia, for which the conclusion has been reached that in that early period of time their dependence on the early Argead kings is only nominal.
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