Przestępstwa przeciwko ochronie informacji niejawnych i innych prawnie chronionych
OFFENCES AGAINST THE PROTECTION OF CLASSIFIED INFORMATION AND OTHER LEGALLY PROTECTED INFORMATION
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Author of this article, relying on the Classified Information Protection Act from 5th of July 2010, describes, that protected information are those, which disclosure may cause serious harm for the Republic of Poland (among other thing, threat to national security, disrupt of the functioning of the judiciary, adverse impact on the functioning of the national economy or interfere to current foreign politics of the Republic of Poland). Depending on the kind of harm, that disclosure of certain information may cause, specific data are accompanied by the relevant clauses – “secret”, “top secret”, “confident” or “restricted”. Disclosure or abuse (understood here as to use in unlawful manner) classified information implies sanction of law. They may vary depending on public function of the person. The Act provides penalties for offenses, which concern classified and other legally protected information, which are the result of unlawful obtaining of such information or obstructing to become acquainted with it. Author also draws attention to offenses associated with computerized data – their destruction or disruption of the entire system is liable to penalty. There is also illicit, to make computer programs, which are adjusted to commit offenses referred to Classified Information Protection Act. Other acts, which helps to protect safety of information, and which are mentioned by author, are: Banking Law, Personal Data Protection Act and Act on Counteraction Money Laundering and Terrorism Founding.
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