Kontsept globalizatsii kriz’ pryzmu idei Karla Polani
GLOBALIZATION CONCEPT THROUGH THE PRISM OF KARL POLANYI’S IDEAS
Languages of publication
The paper is dedicated to analysis of the globalization concept that is considered through the prism of ideas of Karl Polanyi, the well-known economic sociologist and anthropologist. In his work Great Transformation Polanyi has explained the process of the world-wide market expansion of the 19th-early 20th centuries, that is the actual process of globalization of the 19th – early 20th century, as well as the causes of its failure. This process, as is shown by Polanyi, was directed by the project of economic liberalism and gave rise to a whole complex of negative social consequences. The conception of the world-wide market expansion and criticism of Polanyi’s economic liberalism favours a better comprehension of the essence, social consequences and prospects of a new wave of globalization of late 20th – early 21st centuries and neoliberal project assumed as its basis. A conclusion has been formulated according to which, as a results of the action of the mechanism of “double motion” revealed by Polanyi, the neoliberal globalization of the 19th-early 20th century failed utterly. There is the substantiation that Polanyi connected the final overcoming of contradictions of the world-wide market expansion and renewal of the unity of “economy” and “society” with transition to socialism.
Publication order reference