BONE MEMORIE PRINCEPS SLEZIE ET DOMINUS WRATISLAVIENSIS. W kwestii datowania i wymowy ideowej dzieł kamiennej plastyki związanych z pamięcią po Henryku IV Probusie
BONE MEMORIE PRINCEPS SLEZIE ET DOMINUS WRATISLAVIENSIS. Regarding the issues of dating and ideological significance of stone sculptures connected with memory of Henry IV Probus
Languages of publication
The article relates back to the issue of memory of Henry IV Probus, duke of Wrocław, in context of political actions taken in the 14th century, with main focus on artistic vessels of memory, shown here in wider than until now historical context. The first of these relics is the sepulchral monument of the duke. Largely ignored in the study of the monument manuscript IV F 193 of University Library in Wrocław contains an important argument for the change in dating of the gravestone, as proposed by Romuald Kaczmarek. Said source allows to establish the year 1328 as terminus post quem. Hitherto unnoticed during research in recent years coats of arms located on the foundational tympanum in the St. Cross collegiate church reinforce the certainty that they show the act of founding executed by Henry IV Probus and his wife. The third relic is the keystone of the so-called chapter house, presumably created during the Beer War. Its significance – contained mostly in the heraldry meaning – relates mostly to the issue of rights of succession for the new sovereign of Silesia, king of the Romans and king of Bohemia Wenceslaus IV, his rights to succeed Henry IV Probus. It presumably contained more than Wrocław with its duchy, with boarders as it had in the 15th century, but also such lands as belonged to Probus before 1290, later constituting a part of the duchies of Świdnica and of Ziębice. Such interpretation of actions taken by the king, doubtless meant to legitimise his grip on Silesian holdings, are indirectly confirmed by the chronicles from the period. Such is also the interpretation of later, early modern historiography that came to be on the territory of the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Publication order reference