EIN BRONZEDEPOT AUS PODKONICE, BEZ. BANSKÁ BYSTRICA
Bronze hoard from Podkonice, district Banska Bystrica
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The hoard from the village Podkonice is one of the group of hoards, found in the mountainous region in the upper Hron valley, the area stretching from the vicinity of Banská Bystrica to Podkonice, or Nemecká. Together with Podkonice, there are seven other sites with hoard finds: Baláže, Brezno, Ľubietová, Moštenica, Nemecká, Slovenská Ľupča/Podkonice. The site where the hoard was found is located in the north-eastern part of the area of Podkonice, at the place called Igovo. The hoard was found by local people before the year 2009. According to the discoverer, the hoard was located at a depth of 50 – 60 cm below the present surface. It was found in the original position. Through its excavating he did not notice any particular delimitation of space of hoard. The hoard consists of a bronze kettle in which 15 bronze axes, 4 spearheads and a sickle were found. The axes were on the bottom, the sickle among them; the spearheads were at the top. The content of the kettle consisted of objects, which were slightly damaged by use (?) or got damaged during processing. The total amount of metal in 21 objects is 3669 g. 15 axes can be divided into two types. The majority (13 pcs) belong to the socketed axes. Two of them are axes with a socket and a Y decoration. The four spearheads, of which two are decorated with an incised ornament. The sickle can be assigned to the type with the right cutting angle and two back ribs. The kettle with a handle is on the basis of some characteristics, especially the shape of the cross fixture, identical to the Merhart’s Group B. The slightly identical bottom with a standing rim also corresponds to the type B1. The outline of the lower body also suggests the type A, particularly Patay’s variant A2. In the literature directed to the bronze vessels, respectively the bronze industry in general, we were only able to find one direct parallel from Unterglauheim in Bavaria. According to the accompanying findings, both objects are dated in HB1. The damaged kettle was used for the deposition of working tools and common types of weapons. They present goods designated for trade exchange, the craftsman added some damaged products by mistake. The environment with a dominant rock massif does not give us a clear answer as to why it was deposited here. For ‘temporary’ deposition, the rock could serve as an orientation point, it could also be a place of some cult act, but the content of the kettle does not support this possibility. The character of the country does not suggest any roads suitable for transportation by use of animal force, but more likely for load bearers who were used to much heavier loads than the deposited objects, weighing only 3.5 kg.
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