Negatywny program filozofii eksperymentalnej a odwołania do intuicji w argumentacji filozoficznej
NEGATIVE PROGRAM OF EXPERIMENTAL PHILOSOPHY AND APPEALING TO INTUITION IN PHILOSOPHICAL ARGUMENTATION
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The aim of this paper is to undermine one of the main assumptions of the negative program of experimental philosophy. Experimental philosophers claim that it is possible to verify the validity of some classical philosophical arguments which appeal to intuitions by empirically testing whether those intuitions are in fact commonly shared. I argue that experimental philosophers wrongly identify the function that appealing to intuition plays in such arguments. By analyzing several classical philosophical arguments quoted by experimental philosophers, I show that declaring that something is intuitive does not play a role of a premise in an argument. My claim is that its purpose is rather to set common ground between the author of the argument and her audience. Therefore questioning the commonness of intuitions does not lead to the falsification of such arguments.
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