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2016 | 19 | 2 | -
Article title

VLIV TEMPERAMENTU A SELF-ESTEEM NA RESILIENCI U VYSOKOŠKOLSKÝCH STUDENTŮ

Content
Title variants
EN
Effect of temperament and self-esteem on resilience of university students
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
The aim of this study was to analyse the direct and indirect effects of temperament personality characteristics on the resilience and the role of self-esteem in the indirect effect. The research sample consisted of 96 university students. The research sample consisted of 96 college students aged 19 to 30 years (M = 21.75, SD = 2.07). Adults Temperament Questionnaire, Resilience Scale for Adults, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used. The effects were analysed with a structural model. The resulting model showed good fit: χ2 (2, 96) = .3.974, p = .137, CFI = .986, TLI = .930, RMSEA = .102 (90% CI = .000, .250, PCLOSE = .202), SRMR = .045 and power (.98). The results showed a direct and indirect impact of temperament characteristics on resilience. Negative affectivity and extraversion affect self-esteem (β = –.36, p < .001; β = .21, p = .031; R2 = .233). Negative affectivity showed a direct negative effect on perception of self (β = –.46, p < .001) and planned future (β = –.33, p < .001), and the indirect effect through self-esteem (β = –.11, p < .001 and β = .07, p < .01). Extraversion affects the perception of self and planned future only indirectly through self-esteem (β = –.46, p < .001 and β = .06, p < .01). Identified effects of variables explain the relatively large proportion of the variance of perception of self (R2 = .425) and planned future (R2 = .289). Limitation of the study is the small sample of respondents and its specificity (university students), which does not allow the abstraction on the general adult population. From a practical standpoint, it appears that targeted support of positive self-esteem in individuals who are characterized by the less desirable structure of temperament may act as a compensatory mechanism of the temperament’s effect on the ability to adaptively respond to environmental challenges and difficult situations in life. As an ideal combination seem to be the support/development of positive self-esteem and the ability to control/modify (behavioural) manifestations of temperament.
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References
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Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-6be9f9de-0042-49df-a5a5-ab3e8a039c72
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