Szkolnictwo konwentualne i partykularne w strukturach polskiej prowincji dominikanów XIV stulecia. Nowe ujęcie w świetle nowych źródeł
CONVENTUAL AND PARTICULAR SCHOOL SYSTEMS IN THE STRUCTURES OF THE POLISH PROVINCE OF DOMINICANS IN THE 14TH CENTURY. NEW APPROACH IN THE LIGHT OF NEW SOURCES
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The author presents new findings about the conventual and particular schools in the Polish provice of Dominicans in the 14th century on the basis of fragments of records of the Opatowiec chapter from 1384 (which were discovered by Thomas Kaeppela in Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München/Munich in 1977), analyzed by himself in 2012. He shows, among other things, that in the light of these new data the standard view often repeated in the literature about the alleged weakness of the Polish system of educaction as compared to the Western part of the Order should be discarded. Polish Dominicans owned at least 25 particular schools: 8 – studia artium, 8 – studia naturarum, 9 – studia theologiae. At the current stage of research for the 14th c. 54 conventual lecturers and 35 lecturers in particular schools (artium, naturarum, theologiae) are known. The most developed system of particular education had three divisions (contrata, natio) of the province: Silesia, Little Poland and Prussia. As much as 85% of all Polish provincial schools were located those three regions. The analysis of the relationship between the number of monasteries in a given division and the number of schools active in the area shows the dominant position of Silesian and Prussian communities in the 14th c. Polish province. According to the author this was closely related to the wider activities of the Dominicans of German nationality (mainly from Silesia) with the purpose of moving the centre of the province from Cracow to Wrocław.
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