POZNÁMKY K PROBLEMATIKE KONŠTRUOVANIA SUBJEKTIVITY V BALADÁCH JANKA KRÁĽA
Comments on constructing the subjectivity in Janko Kráľ´s ballads
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The study focuses on one of the creative areas of the poet who represents a complex of the various tendencies in the context of Slovak Romantic poetry. The author deals with three selected pieces of writing, tradionally labelled as ballads: Zakliata panna vo Váhu a divný Janko /Enchanted maid in the Váh and strange Janko/, Pán v tŕní /Master in the thorn-bush/ and Zverbovaný /Recruit/, in which she examines the way the subject is constructed and the dominance of reflection, the way the emotional state and experiencing is evoked, which shroud the ballad suyzhet being the text plan to a great extent. She draws attention to how the constructed subject corresponds to Schelling´s concepts and his idea of the „abandoned“ mankind, when man stops relating to nature as the divine principle, as well as to Hegel´s idea of the godless world and the impossibility to perform a heroic act within its framework. The hero of a romance being much too human therefore changes to a tragically lonely hero, who is a problem for himself, he becomes an object of his observation, he thinks about his thinking self. This moment is a symptom of the Romantic subject´s existence alone, or the subject´s separation from the natural world, his position face-to-face to nature and his related incapability to feel like home in such a position and replace the natural laws with the moral ones.
490 – 497
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