SKEPTICIZMUS A NEGATÍVNY DOGMATIZMUS V MYSLENÍ HOMÉRA A XENOFANA
Scepticism and negative dogmatism in Homer and Xenophanes
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The article presents selected aspects of Xenophanes’ philosophy (especially B 34 and B 18 Diels-Kranz) in the light of Homer’s thought. First of all, scepticism should be distinguished from negative dogmatism. Therefor the author will use the term “scepticism” (from Greek skeptomai – explore, examine, consider, think) in accordance with Sextus Empiricus’ typology. In his Outlines of Pyrrhonism (I, 1-2) he distinguishes three forms of philosophy: (1) dogmatic (dogmatike), characteristic of those, who claim to have found the truth; (2) academic (akademaike), defined as negative dogmatism denying the possibility of finding the truth; (3) sceptic (skeptike), which involve a persistent search for truth. The main aim of the paper is to compare Homer’s attitudes with those of Xenophanes as far as the distinction between scepticism and negative dogmatism is concerned.
223 – 235
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