Numerical modeling and analysis of the ancient pottery kiln from Marea (Egypt)
NUMERICAL MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF THE ANCIENT POTTERY KILN FROM MAREA (EGYPT)
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One of the mysterious constructions revealed by the Polish Archaeological Mission in Marea (Egypt) is a pottery kiln dated on the 2nd/3rd century, which is positioned under the level of foundations of basilica. Two different numerical models of a unique ancient pottery kiln have been discussed in this paper. Authors focused on the initial analysis of the behaviour of linear elastic model with typical material parameters. In case of Marea pottery kiln and the soil loading, there is no serious risk of failure and the maximum stresses are below the limits dedicated to masonry structure of kiln. When the centre of the kiln is modeled with the full grid the shear stresses limit is exceeded and the centre of the grid might have been collapsed. In the future, several changes are planned to apply to the model, especially non-linearity with material and geometry, imperfections based on the observed changes and other types of the loading such as temperature as well as external static and dynamic loads.
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