TÉMA NÁRODNÉHO OBRODENIA V TVORBE TARASA ŠEVČENKA A JÁNA KOLLÁRA: PRIENIKY A KONTROVERZIE
National revival in the works of Taras Shevchenko and Ján Kollár: Overlaps and controversies
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The paper sets a goal to find out whether Taras Shevchenko knew particular works of Ján Kollár, to point out possible contacts as well as typological overlaps between the both writers in terms of reflecting on national revival and also to draw attention to differences between them. The article combines the methods and techniques of comparative and historical literary studies and comparative and typological literary research. The comparison of the works of the two great Slavic poets has revealed certain interrelations. It confirms that Shevchenko knew the sonnets 267 (in the original) and 75 (in the Russian translation) from Kollár ́s poem Slávy dcéra/The Daughter of Slavs published in the collection by Amvrosii Metlynsky Думки і пісні та ще дещо/Thoughts and songs and some other things (Kharkiv 1839). In terms of artistic representation of national revival there are common elements as well as significant differences in the approaches of either writer: while what Kollár had in mind was revival of Slovaks and Czechs in a wider circle of Slavic nations implementing the idea of Pan-Slavism, Shevchenko was (very probably) familiar with this conception, its echoes are recorded in the dedication of the poem Єретик/The Heretic and other of his works, what worried him was mainly the misery of the Ukrainian nation, which was in Imperial Russia deprived of its own history, language, culture and any national rights in general. The gained results provide the basis for establishing the borders of assumed Shevchenko ́s adoption of the Czech-Slovak revivalist ́s knowledge.
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