Pojęcie nauczyciela akademickiego w prawodawstwie II Rzeczypospolitej i jego konsekwencje dla badań historycznych
THE CONCEPT OF ACADEMIC TEACHER IN THE LEGISLATION OF THE SECOND POLISH REPUBLIC AND ITS CONSEQUENCES FOR HISTORICAL RESEARCH
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The aim of the following article is to present the idea of academic teacher during the period of Second Polish Republic and its consequences for the historical research. Significant differences in understanding the definition of academic teacher during interwar period (1918-1939) and modern times have been pointed out. The paper relies mostly on analysis of national law acts. It has been divided into five chapters. In the beginning it presents the modern definition of academic teacher according to contemporary law. Next point discussed, is the law during Second Polish Republic, which constituted activities of universities, and general system of academic studies at that time. The relevant definitions have been precised - those referring to scholars, and those referring to scientific powers (both rudimentary and auxiliary). By definition, the academic teacher during interwar period included only those holding the function of professor (ordinary, extraordinary and honored) or postdoctoral lecturing qualification, and it excluded both attendants and assistants. Also, the paper focuses on the changes that took place between 1920-1939, especially regarding the professors by academic title, contracted and vice professors. Different understandings of the role of academic teacher during Second Polish Republic and Third Polish Republic (current status) lead to conclusions, which have been gathered in the last part. Those should be helpful to historians researching the polish education on the academic level.
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