VÝVOJ ČLENA A JEHO TYPOLOGICKÉ ZHODNOTENIE (Z LATINČINY DO ŠPANIELČINY)
Evolution of article and his typological appraisal (from Latin to Spanish)
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The aim of this study is the development of article from Latin to Spanish and its typological appraisal based on the typology of the famous Czech linguist Vladimír Skalička. Skalička’s typology is a methodology which is used primarily in synchronic linguistics. This study tries to demonstrate that this methodology can be also used in diachronic studies. The definite article developed from the Latin demonstrative pronoun, whereas the indefinite article developed from the Latin cardinal number. The existence of an article in language is a characteristic feature of the isolating type of language. On the other hand, the gender, number and case agreement of the article and substantive is a feature typical for the flexional type of language. Finally the plural suffix is agglutinating feature.
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