Przestępstwa przeciwko ludności i mieniu w kodeksie karnym Wojska Polskiego z 1944 roku
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CRIMES AGAINST POPULATION AND PROPERTY IN THE CRIMINAL CODE OF POLISH ARMY FROM 1944
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The regulations protecting civil population against abuse on the part of the soldiers started to appear in view of the military art development observed at the beginning of the 20th century, and a change of conducting military conflicts in criminal legislation of particular countries. Protection of civil population against the effects of the war was the issue particularly important in the light of the World War II. After its end, many norms of an international law making an effort to meet this problem were created. Regulations predicting criminal responsibility of the soldiers for crimes against popula- tion and property (war crimes) also appeared in the post-war military criminal law. They were included into the Criminal Code of Polish Army from 1944 making its chapter XXV. Being a combination of solutions functioning on the basis of the military criminal code from 1932 and Soviet patterns, the regulations of chapter XXV were biding until the criminal code of the People’s Republic of Poland from 1969 was put into effort.
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