”Człowiek bez cienia” w opowiadaniach fantastycznych Mikołaja Gogola
The "Man Without a Shadow” in the Fantastic Stories of Nikolai Gogol
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Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer known primarily as a satirist and comedy-writer, is also an author of fantastic stories. These stories, so incredibly diverse, offer a broad spectrum of themes and literary heroes. Thanks to writer’s inspiration in German Romanticism, we can find a new theme among them. The use of tools for psychoanalysis, allows us to discover "man without a shadow", based on the original sense of shadow in the German romantic literature and the meaning of the Shadow archetype in Carl Gustav Jung’s psychoanalysis. Starting the search in Gogol's fascination with folklore in the story Viy, continuing with a journey through dark streets of St. Petersburg in the stories The Nose, Diary of a Madman and The Portrait, we find a gallery of "people without a Shadow", heroes struggling with unconscious parts of their personality, thanks to whom, Russian nineteenth century fantasy literature became a timeless reflection of earlier shaped (Hoffmann poetics) and later (Jungian psychology) values.
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