O DOKUMENTE UŽHORODSKEJ ÚNIE Z 24. APRÍLA 1646
Commenting on discovered document of the Uzhhorod-Union
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Document of the Uzhhorod-Union was unknown 370 years. The Union-content was interpreted in the light of the letter from 1652, which refers about three conditions for the award of the Union: the preservation of ritual right, the election of the bishop and a corpus of rights according to the model of the Latin priests. Discovered document issued the presbyters of the Eastern Rite in its own name and their successors; the content is referring to the bishop of Eger and his successors. The document has a different content, pronounced the promise of fidelity to the Latin rite bishop of Eger. It contains four articles: (1) Presbyters accepted an external and internal jurisdiction of the Bishop of Eger of ourselves. (2) Presbyters accepted the Bishop of Eger as his own Ordinary, and their no respected other Ordinaries.(3) Presbyters will respect the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Eger primarily in the scope of ordination and translation of priests from one parish to another parish. (4) Presbyters will accept only those superiors (his ceremonial bishop and the deans), which they confirm the Bishop of Eger. The method and content of the closed Union are distinct from other unions. Already in 1215, the Fourth Lateran Council stated that in regions where lived the minority number of the different rite believers, they should be appointed a ceremonial bishop. The text document from 1646 respects this old church practice. The Western and Eastern Christians in north-eastern Hungary are equally ancient and in medieval and early modern period were not foreign. In the 17th century it took place several attempts Union, respectively events seeking to the church unite, of which there are more records and therefore could be considered for the formation of the Union. By the real life and the need was as the most important day appreciate the April 24, 1646, although documentary evidence is missing so far. However, it also belongs to the Eastern identity, which highly appreciates a memory and much information transmitted by word of mouth. The church history is the locus thelogicus, the church in which is looking for the God‘s presence and sense of its own history.
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