Joannes Drachovius SJ jako teoretik české časoměrné poezie
JOANNES DRACHOVIUS, SJ, AS A THEORIST OF CZECH CLASSICAL METRE
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This article considers the theory of Classical metre in the Jesuit Joannes Drachovius’s (Jan Drachovský, 1577–1644), grammar of Czech, which was written in Latin, and posthumously published in Olomouc in 1660. First of all, without any claim to completeness, it presents the tradition of Middle Czech writing in Classical metres in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The next section provides an overview of the state of research on Classical metre. The central part of the article interprets the rules of prosody, as drachovius, a contemporary of Comenius’s, established them for Czech. The conclusion proposes ways in which research on old Czech writing in Classical metre can be fruitfully continued. The author presents the project of writing verse in Classical metre as an integral part of that history, as an exclusive, erudite form of old-fashioned poetry – or at least as its possibility, its project, not as some strange, back street in the history of Czech literature. The article also includes an overview of lines and stanzas in Classical metre which were given by Drachovius (‘de generibus carminum’). The article is followed by a Czech translation of Drachovius’s principles of measuring syllable length for the purposes of metre.
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