„Czarownica mleczna” w relacjach mieszkancow Pogorza Ciezkowicko-Roznowskiego i okolic
“A MILK WITCH” AS DESCRIBED BY THE INHABITANTS OF THE CIĘŻKOWICKO-ROŻNOWSKIE FOOTHILLS AND ITS SURROUNDINGS
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The article is about the knowledge of the oldest generation of the rural population about witches and related magical beliefs. The text is based on ethnographic-linguistic fieldwork conducted by the author in 2005-2011 in the Ciezkowicko-Roznowskie Foothills (Malopolska). In the past it was believed that witches could cast spells and, primarily, spoil cow’s milk. The article focuses on the latter aspect of witches’ activity and presents the data on such elements as the appearance and behaviour of the witch, her modus operandi, effects of spells, and methods used to counteract “milk spells” and reverse them. The author also presents the vocabulary used to describe such persons, as well as the attitude of the informants to the beliefs in witches. Contemporary accounts on witches have been compared with the information from other regions of Poland and from historical ethnographic sources about the area under study.
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