ARCHÄOLOGISCHE DATEN ZU EINIGEN DETAILS DER TASCHEN- UND FEUERGERÄTEFUNDE DES 10. JAHRHUNDERTS IM KARPATENBECKEN IM SPIEGEL IHREN OSTEUROPÄISCHEN ANALOGIEN
Archaeological data on some details of the 10th century sabretache finds and fire lighting tools in the Carpathian Basin, in the light of the Eastern European analogues
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The archaeological analysis of the sabretache worn on belt has a significant importance in the research of the 10th century assemblages of the Carpathian Basin. These sabretaches are usually covered by various ornaments, plates or mounts. On the basis of the former research these 10th century artefacts were concordantly associated with the Eastern parallels. In the present paper the author re-evaluates these artefacts from the Carpathian Basin, in the light of the newly found Eastern sabretache-finds, and among them he separates a new type, the variant of sabretache stiffened with small iron tubes by the mouth of the find. Generally these sabretaches were used for storing some tools of lighting fire. A new type, which has had previously unknown function, can be determined, the so called small iron tubes holding touchwood. The both artefacts can be connected unambiguosly to the assemblages of the Southern Urals and the Volga region. According to these results, the genesis of the 10 – 11th century assemblages of the Carpathian Basin is not a finished research subject the material culture of the settler Magyar tribes from East may have had a decisive role. On the grounds of these observations the author’s firm belief, that beside the analysis of the Byzantine and local elements, which came to front recently, the methodologically modern research and persistent re-evaluation of the Eastern cultural contacts is indispensable.
177 – 198
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