ZBIERKA SKLA V SLOVENSKOM NÁRODNOM MÚZEU V MARTINE
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Collection of glass in the Slovak National Museum in Martin
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Remarkable and colourful glass production from our territory is deposited also in collections of numerous Slovak museums. This is true also in the Slovak National Museum, where glass artefacts are deposited in ethnographic, culture-historical and archaeological departments. In our article we are dealing with the glass collection concentrated in the Ethnographic museum (including about 2000 glass artefacts). We are giving its brief development from the museum’s beginnings. The basis for our work has been written documents since 1890 up to now. Valuable information we have obtained from the Journal of Museum Slovak Society, documents in archives as well as those concerning artefacts themselves. These files helped us to follow the ways of establishing the collection, increasing the number of glass kinds and artefacts, widening its territorial representation, and knowing of donors, sellers and glass workshops. In spite of certain problems we partially succeeded in provenience identification of artefacts production. Based on these finds, we can state that we have glass collections from Uhrovec, Gápel glass works, Málinec, Katarínska Huta, Lednické Rovne, Utekáč, etc. The glass collection in the Slovak national museum in Martin is represented by these kinds of glass: packing glass, illumination glass, utility soda potash and lead glasses. Majority of the glass collection is made of artificial glass, which can be divided into three basic types: flat glass (sheet and window glass), hollow glass and pressed or cast (or made by another way) glass. In the collection utility glass is predominating, first of all beverages, table (service) and packing glass. Decorative glass is less numerous. Hand-blown glass includes mainly beverage glass (small cups), bowls, small bowls, vases, illumination glass, oil lamps, packing glass (bottles), etc. Utility pressed glass collection consists of cups of various kinds, plates, saltcellars, boxes, etc. In Slovak glass a great variety of kinds of utility glass had its place together with many technologies of cold or hot working, numerous shapes of artefacts for everyday use as well as exclusive ones with rich decorations. This all, documenting our history, is reflected also in the glass collection placed in the Slovak national museum in Martin that has been formed within a one hundred years.
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