PL EN


2017 | 59 | 1 | 66 – 80
Article title

OPTIMISM AND WELL-BEING IN HUNGARIAN EMPLOYEES: FIRST APPLICATION AND TEST OF A SITUATIONAL JUDGMENT APPROACH TO EXPLANATORY STYLE

Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Research on the explanatory style model of optimistic mind-set has burgeoned in the last decades. The present study presents the first examination of a new measure of the optimistic mind-set, the MQ Test. The MQ Test uses 36 personal and work situations for prompting responses; however, it applies a situational judgment test approach. In the present study, cross-sectional data with 437 Hungarian employees showed low to acceptable level of internal consistency and good test-retest reliability for the subscales. Exploratory and confirmative factor analyses provided evidence for separate sub-dimensions of negative (N) and positive (P) events. Accordingly, a 14 item Short MQ Test version was developed with P and N subscales. Structural equation models showed that P and N were differently and positively related to dispositional optimism, hope, self-esteem, self-efficacy and satisfaction with life. The limitations and potential merits of the MQ Test are discussed, along with its potential further development.
Year
Volume
59
Issue
1
Pages
66 – 80
Physical description
Contributors
author
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-88c0d297-dfa9-4843-a226-ff0e2d653de5
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