Podstawowe pojęcia i filozoficzne inspiracje antropologii René Girarda
THE BASIC NOTIONS AND PHILOSOPHICAL INSPIRATIONS INSPIRATIONS OF RENé GIRARD’S ANTHROPOLOGY
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The article provides an overview of René Girard’s anthropology, which is focused on the notions of desire and violence. The paper begins with an introduction to his theory of mimetic desire as the main force of inter-individual relations and the fundamental category of his anthropology. It then shows how violence emerges through mimetic conflict. Next, the essay moves on to discuss the scapegoat mechanism and the relation between violence and the sacred in archaic societies. It also examines his conception of Judeo-Christian demystification of mimesis and the surrogate victim. Finally, it attempts to contextualise his work in relation to modern philosophy.
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