Paszkwil na śmierć haniebną jako narzędzie walki ideologicznej w Rzeczypospolitej pierwszej połowy XVII wieku
A PASQUINADE ABOUT DISGRACEFUL DEATH AS AN INSTRUMENT OF IDEOLOGICAL STRUGGLE IN THE POLISH-LITHUANIAN COMMONWEALTH IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 17 TH C.
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The article analyses an anonymous text about the death of Andrzej Lipski of the Grabie coat of arms (1572-1631) http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herb, the bishop of Cracow and the chancellor of the Crown, one of the most influential politicians at the times of Sigismund III Vasa, an ardent supporter of the king and of the clergy’s struggle for tithes. The single surviving copy of the text was found in the records of the court of Krzysztof II Radziwiłł, the great hetman of Lithuania and the Vilnius voivode, the leader of Lithuanian protestants. The author of the article traces the origin of the text, trying to discover the motifs behind its publication and connections with historical facts. She also describes its literary form, which indicates that it was intended as a pasquinade. In conclusion she hypothesises that this and similar descriptions of disgraceful death could have been used in ideological struggles, in this case between the dissident opposition and Sigismund III’s court party.
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