PL EN


Journal
2011 | 11 | 4(15) | 817-847
Article title

Ontologia versus metafizyka? Geneza, rozwój i różne postaci nowożytnej teorii bytu

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Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
EN
ONTOLOGY VERSUS METAPHYSICS. GENESIS, DEVELOPMENT AND DIFFERENT FORMS OF THE MODERN THEORY OF BEING
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The paper presents the process of modern metaphysics transforming into the ontology. The major points of this process became: 1) scholastic sources of Catholic metaphysics represented by Fonseca, Suarez, Śmiglecki on the one side and Protestant metaphysics, represented by Goclenius and Clauberg, on the other; 2) Descartes’ epistemology of representation and 3) Leibniz’s rational and pluralistic metaphysics (monadology). The climax of the transformation process appears to be “Philosophia prima sive ontologia” (1729), a masterpiece being written by Wolff, where the first system of the ontology (science about being as possibility) was presented as a discipline independent from the traditional metaphysics. However starting with the Kant’s works ontology no longer was the discipline of knowledge about the real world but has being turned into a field of aprioristic categories of thinking about an existence and the physical world.
Journal
Year
Volume
11
Issue
Pages
817-847
Physical description
Contributors
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Publication order reference
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-8e9ad794-b7c1-4352-afbf-f3a0c41c929c
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