PL EN


2015 | 60 | 123-152
Article title

Pieczęcie z Czermna (Grody Czerwieńskie, Polska wschodnia) - rezultaty analiz chemicznych i metalurgicznych

Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
EN
THE SEALS FROM CZERMNO (CHERVEN TOWNS, EASTERN POLAND) - CHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND METALLURGICAL EXAMINATION
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The paper reports on the results of chemical analysis and metallography examination of four lead seals from Czermno (Cherven towns region). The seals were issued by Rus dukes and have been dated to 12th-13th centuries. Selected specimens were subjected to detailed observations under SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope). Chemical analysis included EDS (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy) and EDXRF (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence). The red layer found on the surface of the lead seals was identified by XRPD (X-ray Powder Diffractometry) as a typical corrosion product: lead oxide. Lead content in the tested seals ranges from 98.9% to 99.4%. The content of silver, copper, chromium, iron was interpreted as impurities.
Year
Volume
60
Pages
123-152
Physical description
Contributors
  • Instytut Archeologii, Uniwersytet Rzeszowski, ul. S. Moniuszki 10, 35-015 Rzeszów, Leipzig Centre for the History and Culture of East Central Europe (GWZO), Reichsstr. 4-6 , 04-109 Leipzig, marcinwoloszyn@gmail.com
  • Wydział Inżynierii Metali i Informatyki Przemysłowej, Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie, al. Adama Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakó, stepinsk@agh.edu.pl
  • Wydział Chemii, Zakład Chemii Nieorganicznej, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, ul. R. Ingardena 3, 30-060 Kraków, rafalska@chemia.uj.edu.pl
  • Instytut Katalizy i Fizykochemii Powierzchni im. J. Habera, Polska Akademia Nauk, ul. Niezapominajek 8, 30-239 Kraków, nclasoch@cyf-kr.edu.pl
  • Instytut Katalizy i Fizykochemii Powierzchni im. J. Habera, Polska Akademia Nauk, ul. Niezapominajek 8, 30-239 Kraków, ncbielan@cyf-kr.edu.pl
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-9459eeb1-04f3-4225-94e7-07b5fb1740cd
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