Od „obywatela państwowego” do „ dobrego obywatela”. Niemiecki system kształcenia obywatelskiego po 1989 roku – możliwe kierunki badań
FROM „NATIONAL CITIZEN” TO „GOOD CITIZEN”. GERMAN SYSTEM OF CIVIC EDUCATION AFTER 1989 – POSSIBLE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
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The article is a part of considerations associated with civic education – the issue that attracts more and more attention in public debate related to the condition of modern democracy. The attitudes of citizens and citizenship see the individual, in fact the foundation of democracy – the most attractive model in light of changing civilization, as a remedy to the global crisis. The civic education in its formula has been institutionalized in Europe in terms of understanding the modern era of enlightenment of the state. The German model, which was presented in the article, shows a number of differences and the appropriate solutions, which – especially today – are interesting from the Polish point of view. The German education system has evolved since the civil subordinate to the state to shape attitudes oriented towards the civil society. This transformation is particularly interesting for Poland, which – despite two decades after the transformation of political democracy after 1989 – still does not have the functioning system of civic education. The object of research is also interesting because it freed itself from the traditional disciplines of education and upbringing, and became the subject of a wide range of sciences related directly or indirectly to the human being as the subject of changes in the modern world.
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