HROB 1/68 NA POHREBISKU Z OBDOBIA AVARSKÉHO KAGANÁTU V RADVANI NAD DUNAJOM, V ČASTI ŽITAVA I. K PROBLEMATIKE FALER TYPU ŽITAVSKÁ TÔŇ
Grave 1/68 at necropolis of the Avar Khaganate period in Radvaň nad Dunajom, part Žitava I. On the problem of pharelas of Žitavská Tôň
Languages of publication
The article presents data concerning a grave´s content, which was retrieved in 1968. The grave pit was looming in a gravel pit wall. The grave belongs to the necropolis in which 82 burials were revealed during two preceding excavating seasons. In 23 of them riders were buried together with their horses. The grave 1/68 was one of them, but it was partially damaged by gravel mining and hence the grave pit shape and size could not be found. The grave was probably plundered as it was discovered during its emptying. Skeletons were preserved only in fragments. The grave orientation could not be fixed thoroughly. Presumably it was similar to that of other graves at the necropolis, i. e. approximately in the E – W or ESE – WNW direction. In addition to the fragments of skeletons, the grave pit included several finds. The most significant of them are three cast openwork bronze phaleras with zoomorphic decoration motif of raptor heads arranged to swastika. For these artefacts the term “phaleras of Žitavská Tôň” has been suggested. They are very much similar to the openwork circular ornaments, which use to be part of female grave goods. The both artefact categories can be dated into the 8th century. Other grave artefacts (engraved bosses, stirrup, bridle bit, buckle, spear, ceramic vessel) cannot be used for dating. The grave assemblage presented was a part of the necropolis, at which the deceased ranked to a superordinate social group were buried. In spite of remarkable secondary interventions into the graves during their plundering the necropolis in Radvaň nad Dunajom, part Žitava I offered extraordinary sumptuous archaeological monuments, such as sets of belt mounts or horse harness ornaments first of all. Gilded bronze artefacts were found in many graves. The luxurious artefacts comprised also iron phaleras inlaid with gilded copper plate. With its wealthy spectrum of types and shapes of artefacts, the necropolis ranks among significant sites of the Avar Khaganate period with their concentration on the northern bank of the Danube near Komárno.
319 – 335
Publication order reference