2011 | 36 | 81-90
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Stanisław Jan Gąsiorowski (1897–1962)

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Stanisław Jan Gasiorowski (1897-1962) studied classical archaeology and art history at the Jagiellonian University during the years 1915 -1920, under direction of Piotr Bienkowski and Julian Pagaczewski. During a one-year stay in Vienna, he attended lectures given by Joseph Strzygowski, Max Dvorak and Julius Schlosser. In 1922, he started his professional career as an assistant in the Chair of Classical Archaeology at the Jagiellonian University. In 1930 he was named professor extraordinarius and in 1937 ordinarius. He remained in this position until 1953. In November of 1939, along with other professors of the Jagiellonian University, he was arrested by the Nazis, and imprisoned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In 1942 the Prince Czartoryski family entrusted him with the position of director of the Czartoryski Museum. In 1951 Gasiorowski was dismissed, under the pretext that he was in the service of “aristocratic and bourgeois enemies of the Polish people”. Shortly thereafter the authorities also forced his removal from the University (1953). Deprived of the opportunity to give lectures and be in contact with students, he shifted his work to the Institute of Material Culture of the Polish Academy of Science, and remained there until his death. His research interests followed three general themes. The first of these was ancient art in the strict sense. He was the author of Poland’s first summary of the history of ancient art. The second area involved the theoretical foundations for the study of the material culture of Mediterranean countries. Finally, the third area was the publication of ancient and modern artworks from Polish collections as well as their history, and information on early Polish travelers to the Mediterranean countries
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