Poglądy młodzieży koreańskiej na prawa i obowiązki
KOREAN ADOLESCENTS' CONCEPTS OF RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
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It has been proposed that the central developmental task to be solved during adolescence is the balancing of autonomy and dependence. Although this proposition is held by Western psychologists, the authors suggest that it may be an adequate goal for the socialization of Korean youngsters as well. They are of the opinion that balancing of autonomy and relatedness results in an adequate understanding of one's own rights and responsibilities. In this article, the findings of a survey with 12., 14 and 16-year-old Koreans are presented. The youth were asked to explain the concepts of right and responsibility, to specify their most important rights and responsibilities, to judge differences between adolescents' and adults', to figure out who decides about rights and responsibilities, and so on. To demonstrate the particulars of the Korean understanding, the authors compare the data with those obtained from German adolescents. We conclude that for young Koreans (but not for Germans), the personal and social relation consequences of possessing a right are at the center of the concept. When thinking about responsibilities, again they concentrate on aspects that are interwoven with self-evaluation and the „moral self".
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